Fixed Guideway Transportation Systems (FGTSs) Safety Oversight

Florida’s FGTSs

Pursuant to Section 341.061(1), Florida Statutes (F.S.), the Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT) must adopt by rule minimum safety standards for governmentally owned FGTSs and privately owned or operated FGTSs operating in the state which are financed wholly or partly by state funds. FDOT adopted Rule 14-15017, Florida Administrative Code, which adopts by reference The Safety and Security Oversight Program Standards Manual for Fixed Guideway Transportation Systems, May 2018 edition. FDOT is the state oversight agency with the responsibility for the implementation and the enforcement of the statutory provisions statewide.

In addition to the State statute and program standard, 49 Code of Federal Regulation Part 659 (Part 659), also regulates state safety oversight of FGTSs. Part 659, the Federal Rail Fixed Guideway Systems State Safety Oversight Rule, describes minimum requirements for state program standards and rail transit agency system safety program plan and security plans. Pursuant to Part 659, FGTSs subject to regulation under Part 659 include systems that:

  • Are light, heavy, or rapid rail, monorail, inclined plane, funicular, trolley or automated guideway that are not regulated by the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA), and
  • Included in the Federal Transit Administration (FTA) calculation of fixed guideway route miles; or
  • Receive funding under FTA’s formula program for urbanized areas; or
  • Have submitted documentation to the FTA indicating the intent to be included in the FTA’s calculation of fixed guideway route miles to receive funding under the FTA’s formula program for urbanized areas.

Florida FGTSs that are subject to Section 341.061(1), Florida Statutes (F.S.) and the SSO Manual (Rule 14-15.017, F.A.C) include:

South Florida Regional Transportation Authority (SFRTA) Tri-Rail commuter rail system: Tri-Rail operates on 72 miles of track through three counties: Palm Beach, Broward, and Miami-Dade. Tri-Rail serves 18 stations.

Central Florida SunRail commuter rail system: SunRail currently operates on 32 miles of track and serves 12 station in Orange, Seminole, and Volusia Counties. It is anticipated that Phase 2 will begin service in the next few years and add five new stations in Orange, Osceola, and Volusia Counties.

Greater Orlando Aviation Authority automated guideway at Orlando International Airport: The automated people movers here connect the main terminal building with the four airside terminals. Two additional automated people movers are planned to connect the main terminal with a new intermodal center.

Hillsborough County Aviation Authority automated guideway at Tampa International Airport: The automated people mover here connects the central landside terminal to the four airside concourses. An additional automated guideway connects the long-term parking garage to the short-term parking garage.

Miami-Dade Aviation MIA Mover and Skytrain at Miami International Airport: The MIA Mover is a 1.25 mile long automated people mover system that connects Miami International Airport with the 3.4 million square foot Miami Rental Car Center. The Skytrain is a people mover that serves four stations along Concourse D, the North Terminal.

FGTSs subject to Part 659, Section 341.061(1), F.S., and the SSO Manual (Rule 14-15.017, F.A.C) include:

Hillsborough Area Regional Transit TECO Streetcar in Tampa: The TECO Streetcar line consists of a 2.7 mile single-track route with eleven stations throughout Ybor City, Channelside, and downtown Tampa.

Jacksonville Transportation Authority Automated Skyway Express: The Jacksonville Skyway operates on 2.5 miles of elevated track through downtown Jacksonville. It currently serves eight stations through two routes: the Northbank and Southbank lines.

Miami-Dade Transit Metromover and Metrorail: Miami-Dade Transit operates two separate FGTS modes the Metromover and the Metrorail. The Metromover operates on 4.4 miles of track through Omni, downtown, and Brickell. Metrorail operates on 25 miles of dual track from Miami International Airport through Kendall, South Miami, Coral Gables, downtown Miami, the Civic Center/ Jackson Memorial Hospital area, Brownsville, Liberty City, Hialeah and Medley. Metromover currently serves 21 stations and Metrorail serves 23 stations.

Wave Streetcar in Ft. Lauderdale: This system is currently in the design phase.  The South Florida Regional Transit Authority is building the system; Broward County Transit will operate and maintain the system once it begins service.

For the FGTSs that are subject to Part 659, Section 341.061(1), F.S. and the SSO Manual, the FDOT Office of Freight, Logistics and Passenger Operations, Public Transit Office, provides safety and security oversight that includes monthly teleconferences and/or onsite meetings with each system, internal safety review assessments, triennial audits, technical assistance, corrective action plan reviews, reviews of updates to Security Program Plans and System Safety Program Plans, and reviews of hazard tracking logs and reportable events notifications, and associated follow-ups.

Federal Regulatory Changes

FDOT is working to implement regulatory changes related to state safety oversight to meet the requirements of Chapter 53 of title 49 United States Code Part 5329 (MAP-21).* These changes apply to the FGTSs in the State of Florida that are subject to Part 659, Section 341.061(1), F.S., and the SSO Manual. FDOT submitted a certification work plan to the Federal Transit Administration that describes how FDOT will implement the new requirements. FDOT’s status in completing the requirements described in the work plan can be found here.

The FTA published its final rule for state safety oversight (49 Code of Federal Regulations, Part 674) on March 16, 2016. The rule became effective on April 16, 2016. This final rule replaces Part 659, which will be rescinded no later than April 16, 2019. 

The State Safety Oversight Team at FDOT carefully monitors proposed and new Federal rules and provisions related to public transit safety. The FTA provides links to its Federal Register Notices.

Annual Safety Status Reports

2017 Annual FGTS Report

FDOT 2016 State Safety Oversight FGTS Status Report

2015 FDOT SSOA Status Report

FGTS SSOA Biannual Report

Meeting Notes

February 21, 2017 FDOT SSO Program Update Webinar

April 12, 2016 – SSO Final Rule Webinar

FDOT contracts with Transportation Resource Associates, Inc. (TRA). TRA provides safety and security oversight services for Florida’s FGTSs subject to Part 659, Section 341.061(1), F.S., and the SSO Manual. For more information, please contact:

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